Best programming Languages to learn- Find out here

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If Technology is a house, then Programming languages are the bricks and Programmers are the Mason who built it.

 

Entire computer technology is built using various programming languages.  There are hundreds of languages available since the beginning of computer era.

Some of them are most powerful which makes it more popular and some languages become extinct due to the advancement in technology.

In today world, it is very essential for every programmers to know which is the correct programming languages which in-turn useful for their professional growth.

Here in this list, you will find some of the best programming languages to learn. These languages are listed based on the Stackoverflow Developer Survey and also upon the factors like easiness to learn, usability, salary for the programmers, and its demand in the future.

1.Javascript

javascript logo

Javascript or JS is the most popular scripting language among the developers according to the survey result. Alongside with HTML and CSS, JS is one of the three core technologies of the World Wide Web.

JS is most commonly used a client side scripting language. This means that Javascript code is written into an HTML page. When a use request a HTML page with Javascript in it, the script sends to the browser and the browser only do the remaining work.

Javascript is used in almost 80% of all websites.

Used in

  • Front end of websites
  • Analytics
  • Widgets
  • Web interactivity

Average Salary : $55,000

Difficulty in learning : Relatively easy

Pros and cons

  • Speed, simple to learn and versatility are the some of the advantages of JS
  • As it is client side program and being executed in the browser, it is vulnerable to some security threats, which is a disadvantage.

2.SQL

SQL or Structured query language, the most famous and widely used query language available right now. It  is used to querying and managing data from a database management system.

The SQL language is written to comb the contents of tables in a conventional database. It is widely used in business and in other types of database administration.

It is the default tool for “operating” on the conventional database, to alter tabled data, retrieve data or otherwise manipulate an existing data set.

Used in

  • Back-end development
  • Database administration
  • Data analysis
  • Data Science

Average Salary : $56,000

Difficulty in learning : Easy

3.Java

Java is the most powerful and popular programming language. It is a concurrent, class-based, object oriented language which derived most of its syntax from C and C++.

According to the survey, it is famous programming language with 45.3% of respondents claiming to use it.
If you are using desktops right then you might have probably installed Java in your computer and if you are using mobiles definitely you are using java as it is very essential app development

Used in

  • Software development
  • Desktop GUI
  • Android and iOS development
  • Video game development

Average Salary : $60,000

Difficulty in learning : Relatively hard

Pros and cons

  • High demand for java developers, evolving language, used in android app development are the pros of Java
  • Java uses lot of memory, hard to learn and slow startup times are its some cons.

4.Python

Python is one of the easiest programming languages. it is a general purpose language which you can find almost anywhere today. You’ll find it in web applications, desktop apps, network servers, machine learning, media tools and more.

Some studies suggests that Python will replace all other complex programming languages in the future due to its usability and easiness.

Used in

  • Software development
  • Desktop GUI
  • Android and iOS development
  • Video game development

Average Salary : $56,000

Difficulty in learning : Easy

Pros and cons

  • Easiness in learning, availability of extensive library and computing with Internet of Things are some of the pros.
  • Low speed, weakness in mobile computing and issues with the design are the disadvantages of the language.

5.C#

C Sharp or C# is a powerful and a flexible programming language. Like all programming language, it can be used to create a wide variety of applications.

Your potential with C# is limited only by your imagination. The language has no constraints on what you can do. C# has been used for projects as diverse as dynamic websites, dev tools and even compilers.

Used in

  • Windows applications development
  • Business Enterprise applications
  • Software development
  • Web development

Average Salary : $59,000

Difficulty in learning : Hard

Pros and cons

  • Full integration with .net library, transferable to other languages and high demand for programmers are some pros of C#.
  • Loses in cross-platform capabilities and need more time to learn are some cons of this language.

6.PHP

PHP is a server side scripting language designed for web development but also used a general purpose programming language. It originally stands for Personal Home Page but it stands for the acronym Hypertext Preprocessor.

PHP code may be embedded into HTML code, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks.

Used in

  • Wordpress plugins
  • Web development
  • Creating database enables pages

Average Salary : $50,000

Difficulty in learning : Relatively Easy

Pros and cons

  • Easiness and versatility, widely used by large communities and works well with databases are some pros of PHP
  • Low speed and error handling are the some cons of this language

7.C / C++

C_C++ logo

C is general purpose, imperative programming language supporting structured programming. Originally intended for writing system software.

C++ is a superset of the C language. It is an object oriented programming language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large scale applications.

Used in

  • Software development
  • Search Engines
  • Operating Systems
  • Video Games development

Average Salary : $50,000

Difficulty in learning : C is easy as compared to C++

Pros and cons

  • Portability, wide range of uses, small in size and fine tuning are some the pros of these languages.
  • Does not support OOPS is a disadvantage of C language and that is the main reason why C++ is developed.

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